Guadalcanal: The Joint Fight
While the campaign marked the first offensive victory for the Americans, it provided more than just a morale boost and a checking of Japanese aggression. This campaign illustrated the powerful synergy of American joint operations.
Technician Lewis Hall and Sergeant William Fournier
Technician Fifth Grade Lewis Hall from Obetz, Ohio, was born March 2, 1895, and was 47 years old at the time of his action.
Born in Norwich, Connecticut, in 1913, William Fournier was raised in South Kingstown, Rhode Island.
Medal of Honor: Kenneth Newton Walker, Brigadier General, US Army Air Corps
Kenneth Newton Walker, Brigadier General, US Army Air Corps received the Medal of Honor for his actions during a fatal bombing mission over Rabaul, New Britain, on January 5, 1943.
Kenneth Gruennert and Elmer Burr’s Medals of Honor
During the Battle of Buna, two soldiers of the 32nd Infantry Division went above and beyond the call of duty.
Commemorating Filipino American History Month
In 2009, the US Congress designated October as Filipino American History Month, a monthlong commemoration and appreciation for the Filipino experience throughout American history stretching as far back as 1547.
Alexander A. Vandegrift Before Guadalcanal
Alexander A. Vandegrift’s accomplishments during World War II came near the end of almost four decades of service in the United States Marine Corps.
Call for Action and Liberation in the Philippines
As General Douglas MacArthur’s campaign on Luzon was underway, news of the Palawan massacre produced a call to action to save thousands of Allied POWs and civilian internees from a similar fate. With the extraordinary assistance of Filipino guerrillas, four daring raids were launched behind Japanese lines to liberate those camps.
Survival, Resistance, and Escape on Palawan
Incredibly, a handful of American POWs managed to survive the Palawan massacre and with the aid of Filipino guerrillas reached safety.
‘Dispose of Them’: Massacre of American POWs in the Philippines
As the Allied liberation of the Philippines was underway, Japanese commanders acted on orders to annihilate American POWs rather than allow them to assist enemy efforts, and in December 1944 cruelly executed 139 American POWs on Palawan.
Okinawa: The Costs of Victory in the Last Battle
Victory in the largest battle of the Pacific War came 82 days after it began, and the costs were high.
On August 28, 1942, the Detroit Times announced that the 2nd Marine Raider Battalion would receive its own official battle song. Newspapers across the country celebrated the battalion, informally called Carlson’s Raiders after the commander Lt. Colonel Evans Fordyce Carlson, for its successful assault against the Japanese on Makin Island in the Pacific.
The Wartime Internment of Native Alaskans
At the outset of the Aleutian Islands campaign, 800 native Unangan were removed and interned in squalid camps from 1942 through 1945.