• For Teachers & Students
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The Holocaust
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Six Million Jews, Six Million Others

The Holocaust was the genocide of approximately six million European Jews by the Nazis during WWII. The Nazis believed that Jews were racially inferior to the Aryan (or Germanic) race. An additional six million people including ethnic Poles, Russians, Roma, homosexuals, people with disabilities, and other religious opponents were also killed by the Nazis. This systematic killing was part of the “Final Solution,” which was the Nazi policy to murder the Jews of Europe. It was carried out in stages, beginning with removing Jews from civil society before the start of WWII.

Jews and the other victims of racial and ethnic hatred were confined to overcrowded ghettos before being transported to labor or death camps. Some of the camps were created for forced labor while others were death camps were the vast majority of those transported were gassed to death shortly after their arrival. These victims included more than one million children. Near the end of the war, those that had survived the camps were forced on death marches in an attempt to prevent Allied liberation of the camps. The Holocaust has come to be viewed as one of the worst mass atrocities in human history and continues to be studies today as modern society explores how such an event could have taken place and how to avoid it happening again.

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Secondary Sources

The Holocaust: A History of the Jews of Europe during the Second World War by Martin Gilbert

The Holocaust: The Fate of European Jewry, 1932 – 1945 by Leni Yahil

Tell them We Remember: The Story of the Holocaust by Susan D. Bachrach

Have Lived a Thousand Years: Growing Up in the Holocaust by Livia Bitton-Jackson

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Primary Source Gallery:

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Student Travel – WWII Educational Tours
High school and college students, learn the leadership principles that helped win WWII on a trip to France or during a weeklong residential program in New Orleans. College credit is available, and space is limited.

See You Next Year! HS Yearbooks from WWII
Collected from across the United States, the words and pictures of these yearbooks present a new opportunity to experience the many challenges, setbacks and triumphs of the war through the eyes of America’s youth.

The Victory Gardens of WWII
Visit the Classroom Victory Garden Project website to learn about food production during WWII, find lesson plans and activities for elementary students, get tips for starting your own garden and try out simple Victory Garden recipes!

The Science and Technology of WWII
Visit our new interactive website to learn about wartime technical and scientific advances that forever changed our world. Incorporates STEM principles to use in the classroom.

Kids Corner: Fun and Games!
Make your own propaganda posters, test your memory, solve puzzles and more! Learn about World War II and have fun at the same time.

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